However, as Intendant of the San Carlo, "Barbaja was the chief beneficiary: 'With a small investment he found among those young men the one who would lead him to large profits'" notes Florimo.. Operas by Vincenzo Bellini Search through Operas by Vincenzo Bellini. It was with Giuditta Turina that he began an affair in 1828 during the premiere performances of Bianca e Fernando in Genoa. " Their relationship quickly began to deteriorate: greetings including tu (the informal "you") gave way to voi (the formal "you") and they lived in different parts of Venice. The two men set to work, but with the winter weather in Venice becoming increasingly bad, Bellini fell ill; however, he had to continue to work under great pressure within a now-limited timetable. As for singers, it appears there was some doubt about the tenor, but that Henriette Méric-Lalande, Luigi Lablache (or Tamburini), would be available. Il Pirata was staged with the original cast and again was a triumph: it received 24 consecutive performances between 16 July and 23 August 1829, thus outnumbering Pacini's. A large amount of what is known about Bellini's life and his activities comes from surviving letters—except for a short period—which were written over his lifetime to his friend Francesco Florimo, whom he had met as a fellow student in Naples and with whom he maintained a lifelong friendship. Finally, when asked what it was that he was seeking, Bellini replied: "I want a thought that will be at one and the same time a prayer, an imprecation, a warning, a delirium ...". In "Two Words for Signor Felice Romani" [but which takes five pages in print], he states that it is not his intention to defend the composer but "only to vent my displeasure given me and all sensitive people by the very sarcastic manner, full of personal rancor and hauteur, with which Signor Romani has undertaken to assail his antagonist. 1825 – Adelson e Salvini, set in 17th C. Ireland 2.  Interpretation of Florimo's collection of letters is complicated however by evidence that he often altered or completely fabricated some of his correspondences with Bellini to create an idealized image of the composer. The Divine Comedy(Italian: Divina Commedia [diˈvina komˈmɛdja]) is a long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. 1308 and completed in 1320, a year before his death in 1321.It is widely considered to be the preeminent work in Italian literature and one of the greatest works of world literature. As a result, in the April–May 1830 period, Bellini was able to negotiate a contract with both the Litta group—which was planning performances in a smaller Milan house, the Teatro Carcano—and with the Crivelli group to obtain a contract for an opera for the autumn of 1831 and another for the 1832 Carnival season. In addition, Bellini was introduced to the librettist Felice Romani, who proposed the subject of the composer’s first project, Il pirata, to which the young man willingly agreed especially when he realised that the story "provided several passionate and dramatic situations.. [and]..that such Romantic characters were then an innovation on the operatic stage. The need to decide on the subject for the following winter's opera became pressing, although it had already been agreed that Giuditta Pasta, who had achieved success in the Teatro Carcano in 1829 and 1830 with in several major operas, would be the principal artist. Click on up and down arrows to affect item's ranking ... Use arrows to rank one item in Greatest Operas … Quickly, Bellini entered the fashionable world of the Parisian salon, most importantly that run by the Italian exile Princess Belgiojoso whom he had met in Milan and who "was by far the most overtly political of the salonnières". The gastro-enteric condition—which he describes as "a tremendous inflammatory gastric bilious fever"— resulted in his being cared for by Francesco Pollini and his wife at their home because, as Bellini wrote, "he loves me more than a son".. When he arrived in Paris in mid-August 1833, Bellini had intended to stay only about three weeks, the main aim being to continue the negotiations with the Opéra which had begun on his way to London a few months earlier. Filippo Cicconetti, in his 1859 biography, gives an account of Bellini's working methods, explaining how he set texts to music always with the words in front of him in order to see how inspired to compose he might become. He wrote to Florimo, telling him about the lodgings and that he had written to Turina not to sell any of his furniture, but to send some of it to him.. Rather than resting, Bellini immediately set off for Bergamo to stage La straniera, then went back to the mountains. Continuing his letter to Florimo, he states: From that statement of March 1834, it does not appear that animosity still existed on the composer's part. At the same time, he stated that, with music composed to those verses now in place, "I was not permitted to go back over what already had been done; and poetry and music were finished in less than a month". Berlioz's attempts to carve out an operatic career for himself were thwarted by an unimaginative musical establishment. Composed in 1786, this opera is the first of the Mozart – Da Ponte operas (Mozart worked with librettist Lorenzo Da Ponte three times: Le nozze di Figaro, Don Giovanni, and Così fan tutte).Just 30 years old when he composed this work, Mozart ends the opera with one of the themes he kept coming back to – the importance of forgiveness. He immediately proposed a revival and re-working of Bianca e Gernando, this time with the original title Bianca e Fernando, there being no royal by the name of Fernando in the House of Savoy. When Bellini laid out his terms for writing for Milan, Litta gave him a very favourable response: "I shall earn almost twice as much as if I had composed for Crivelli [then the Venetian impresario]" he noted in a letter to his uncle.  Other sources of information come from correspondence saved by other friends and business acquaintances. Bellini spent 1827 to 1833 mostly in Milan, never holding any official position within an opera company and living solely from the income produced from his compositions, for which he was able to ask higher than usual fees. Classical Features Best Operas: Top 10 Greatest Operas Ever Written. Accepting the offer 5 January, Bellini stated that he would set Romani's libretto for Giulietta Capellio, that he required 45 days between receipt of the libretto and the first performance, and that he would accept 325 napoleoni d'oro (about 8,000 lire).. In addition, it had been agreed that the new opera would be preceded by performances of Norma and that they would open the season. https://operawire.com/ranking-giacomo-puccinis-operas-from-least-to-best The King led the applause for the composer, resulting in his being called to the stage and thus enjoying a very warm welcome from the people of Naples. 37–38: Weinstock explains that the reason for the uncertainty over the exact date is due to a series of deaths of prominent people (including Bourbon King Ferdinand I) which caused all public entertainment to stop during periods of mourning. In consultation with Romani as to the subject, it was agreed that it would be based on the novel L'étrangère (Il solitario) of 1825 by Charles-Victor Prévot, vicomte d'Arlincourt, and planned for the premiere on the opening night of the season on 26 December. On a professional level, Bellini became very concerned around the middle of April 1834, when he learned that Donizetti would be composing for the Théâtre-Italien during the same season, 1834–35. All that went by the wayside when the revised score failed to arrive on time, and performances were abandoned and the contract scrapped. Among the external reasons, Bellini cites the adverse reaction caused by the attitudes of both the owner of a journal (and his claque) and also of "a very rich woman"—who Weinstock identifies as Contessa Giulia Samoyloff— who was Pacini's mistress.  Over the summer, Bellini's general mood was reported to be "dark": discussion with the Opéra could not proceed until a new director was appointed; "he writes long letters, crowded with projects, ideas, reveries that the hand seems to have trouble restraining"; and, as Weintock concludes, all of these things seem to "inescapably suggest a man deeply disturbed physically, psychologically, or both".. Giuditta Turina to Florimo, 4 August 1834, referencing a September 1833 letter to her from Bellini where he stated that his career is "avant tout". While his family wasn't wealthy enough to support that lifestyle, Bellini's growing reputation could not be overlooked. Bellini to Lanari, 5 January 1830, in Weinstock 1971, p. 83: Weinstock notes that Romani had used "Capellio" as Juliet's last name in the libretto. It was written by Felice Romani and published in Turin on 1 October 1835.  Once Bellini left Naples for Milan, the two men seldom saw one another; their last meeting was in Naples in late 1832, when Bellini was there with Giuditta Turina, before the pair departed for Milan via Florence. 1827 – Il pirata, set in 13th C. Sicily 4. Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (Italian: [vinˈtʃɛntso salvaˈtoːre karˈmɛːlo franˈtʃesko belˈliːni] (); 3 November 1801 – 23 September 1835) was an Italian opera composer, who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania". 143–145, Giuseppe Pasta to A romantic classic, Rossini is definitely one of the most important composers of the 19th century. Norma and La Sonnambula are a few. , Bellini's involvement in Zingarelli's class took place over the 1822/23 school year. The Conservatorio di San Sebastiano (as it had been named when the original Real Collegio di Musica, established in 1806 and then renamed as such in 1808) had moved to more spacious facilities close to the church of Gesù Novo and the building formerly occupied by the nuns of San Sabastiano, was run by the government and there, students, who wore a semi-military uniform, were obliged to live under a tight daily regimen of classes in principal subjects, in singing and instrumental coaching, plus basic education.  A local newspaper, I Teatri, reported that "all things considered, this opera by Bellini has aroused as much enthusiasm in Venice as La straniera aroused in Milan from the first evening on".. Primeras óperas de Bellini. theory, and was successful enough to gain an annual scholarship, which meant that his stipend from Catania could be used to help his family. His name is listed as an attendee in the Morning Chronicle of 29 April at a performance of Rossini's La cenerentola, along with those of Maria Malibran, Felix Mendelssohn, Nicolo Paganini, as well as Pasta, Rubini, and other visiting Italian singers. 1 Norma. The Magic Flute - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.  However, when Florimo gave him the news, he said that he was going to try again and win, but the next move was to come later from the Fumaroli family. , "Pietro Marinetti" replied from the pro-Bellini camp in the Milan journal, Il Barbiere di Siviglia on 11 April.  During the 1820 revolution, Bellini and Florimo joined a secret society, the Carboneria. Others that Bellini would have met included Victor Hugo, George Sand, Alexandre Dumas pėre, and Heinrich Heine. Returning within half an hour, the second version left Bellini equally cold—as did a third draft.  This short period of time compares to the months which, for example, it took Bellini to write Il pirata.  After Bellini's death Florimo became his literary executor.. Perhaps the ultimate bel canto classic, Bellini's masterpiece features a powerful story and one of the most challenging soprano roles in opera. After hearing the opera, Bellini acquired the score, convinced Conti to introduce him, and [Florimo] reports that Bellini's reaction was that he was "a truly beautiful, big man, and his noble countenance—sweet, but at the same time majestic—arouses affection as well as respect.". By the summer, they had decided upon Norma, ossia L'Infanticidio which was based on the play of the same name, Norma, or The Infanticide by Alexandre Soumet which was being performed in Paris at around that time and which Pasta would have seen. Aida. The aspiring librettist laid a complaint against Bellini in a report to Parma's Grand Chamberlain in December 1828 (which was ignored). Rehearsals began in early January with the premiere planned for 14 February 1829; it was an immediate and resounding success with the Gazzetta privilegiata di Milano on 16 February declaring it to be a: Three days later, the same publication praised the quality of the music, describing Bellini as "a modern Orpheus" for the beauty of his melodies. Thus, during March, Bellini did nothing, but did attend the final performance of Puritani on 31st. Giovanni (no surname provided) to "Uncle Ignazio" ("identified as Ignazio Giuffrida-Moschetti, Catanese friend of Bellini" in Weinstock), 18 January 1832, quoted in Weinstock 1971, pp. , Bellini then experienced the re-occurrence of an illness which had emerged in Venice due to pressure of work and the bad weather, but which consistently recurred after each opera and which would eventually cause his death. 1829 – Zaira, set in the 15th C. in the Ottoman Empire during the Crusades 5. With links to: the scene itself (with movie, libretto and more information), the roles, the composer and the opera. 10 Results. When no alternatives appeared, he accepted Genoa's offer in February, but it was then too late to write anything new. The general impression given by reports in the press was that, overall, the music was weak, although some numbers and the trio were liked. February 1828, in Galatopoulos 2002, p. 73, Bellini to Florimo, 10 April 1828, in Galatopoulos 2002, p. 95, Bellini to Raina, in Cambi (ed.) Known for his flowing melodic line, Bellini was the quintessential composer of Bel canto opera. This illegal action caused Bellini to publish a notice in major Italian newspapers putting such "pirates" on notice, but Weinstock comments that such attempts to control were not likely to succeed until Italian unification provided laws applicable to the country as a whole. However, by one month later, Bellini was writing to Pasta to state that:  It appears that the couple (along with Giuditta's brother) left for Florence on or around 20 May traveling by private coach and that he attended what he described as "a quite unrecognisable" performance of La sonnumbula at the Teatro della Pergola. There are a lot of well-known Vincenzo Bellini operas out there so this list is a great way to learn about the ones you haven't heard of before. After 1816, Bellini began living with his grandfather, from whom he received his first music lessons. Their relationship lasted until Bellini went to Paris. Eventually, revisions to Romani's libretto were agreed to, a new title was given to the work, and Bellini reviewed his score of Zaira to see how some of the music could be set to the new text, but composing the part of Romeo for Grisi. You'll get to know the famous composer Vincenzo Bellini from this list, which contains various bits of information about his operas, such as what language they were composed in and what genre the popular Vincenzo Bellini opera falls under.  While there was no agreement with Véron at the Opéra, the Théâtre-Italien made him an offer which, Bellini notes, he accepted because "the pay was richer than what I had received in Italy up to then, though only by a little; then because of so magnificent a company; and finally so as to remain in Paris at others' expense. Additionally, he discusses the prospect of marriage to a young woman who "is not rich, but she has an uncle and aunt who are: if they will give her 200,000 francs, I'll marry her", but remarks that he is in no hurry.  To Florimo on the night of the premiere, Bellini wrote "Fiasco!  As has been observed, "no other Italian opera composer of the time showed such an attachment to a single librettist" and although Romani was known to treat composers poorly, he evidently had great respect for Bellini, even acceding to his requests for revisions. Pietro Marinetti, "Two Words for Signor Felice Romani", Detailed in Weinstock 1971, pp.140–142, who notes that the entire contents of the letters is reprinted in Cambia 1945, Bellini to Florimo, 11 March 1834, in Weinstock 1971, pp. Among them were the nine Versetti da cantarsi il Venerdi Santo, eight of which were based on texts by Metastasio. 149–150. Weinstock describes the premiere as "an unclouded and immediate success" but it was only able to be performed eight times before the La Fenice season closed on 21 March. By 1822/23, Bellini had become a member of a class which he taught: the older man appears to have recognised Bellini's potential and treated his student like a son, giving him some firm advice: It was during these early years at the Collegio that Bellini met Francesco Florimo with whom he had a lifetime of correspondence.  After Zingarelli used his influence to secure this honour for his promising student, Bellini was able to obtain agreement that he could write a full-length opera and, furthermore, that the libretto did not have to be written by Tottola, the theatres' official dramatic poet. The reviewer continued to declare that this duality had never been expressed in other operas in which he had performed.  Also, Heine's literary portrait of Bellini, which became part of his unfinished novel Florentinische Nächte (Florentine Nights) published in 1837, emphasized the less-appealing aspects of the composer's personality, summing up a description of him as "a sigh in dancing pumps". He was commemorated on the front of the Banca d'Italia 5,000 lire banknote in the 1980s and 90s (before Italy switched to the Euro) with the back showing a scene from the opera Norma. All his operas have something to offer and I enjoy them all, but his best are the six best known (so those apart from Adelson, Bianca, Straniera and Zaira). It took until late July for I Capuleti e i Montecchi to be given its London premiere and his contract was then over, after which he left for Paris by about mid-August. Another person to whom the young student/composer was introduced was Gaetano Donizetti whose ninth opera—which had been a great success in Rome—was given at the Teatro di San Carlo.  By the age of five, he could apparently play "marvelously". Bellini's music was highly regarded, with the Giornale delle Due Sicilie on 13 June noting that "[several of the arias and duets] are some of the most laudable pieces of new music heard in recent times at the [San Carlo]. Opera Popularity Composer Language Arias Duets Ensembles Scenes. Beatrice di Tenda, with the leading role requiring a strong female character to be written for Pasta, composer and librettist met to consider a subject. Galatopoulos 2002, quoting Zingarelli, p. 34, Florimo, quoted in Galatopoulos 2002, pp.  In a series of letters to Florimo throughoutthe year, he wrote of Rossini's increasing support, even love: "I hear that he speaks well of me" (4 September 1834); "... if I have Rossini's protection, I'll be situated very well" (4 November); "The most beautiful is that Rossini loves me very, very, very much" (18 November); and "... my very dear Rossini who now loves me as a son" (21 January 1835, following the dress rehearsal). "The subject has been changed, and we'll write Beatrice di Tenda [after the play of the same name by Carlo Tedaldi-Fores.] Before his death in 1901, Giuseppe Verdi composed over two dozen operas - his first in 1839 and his last in 1893. 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