In this lesson, you'll learn about one especially important verb, desu, and how to use it as part of your first sentence structure. What does “desu” mean? (=Tanaka is Japanese. So if you end a sentence in a verb, no matter how it is conjugated (formally or informally), you will not need “desu.” You can end a sentence with “taberu” or “tabemasu” without worrying about adding desu. You could also disagree and say 元気ではない “Genki de wa nai” which means “I’m not fine”. It’s similar to saying “I plan to…” or “I intend to…” It’s similar to saying “I plan to…” or “I intend to…” You can find the detail explanation (meaning, formation) and examples of this Japanese grammar in this post. The Topic Marker “Wa” – mainly the first half, covering the concept of "topic" vs subject. You know how to pronounce “desu” now, but what about it’s meaning? Adjectives are used in a way that looks deceptively similar to this pattern, but there is a subtle difference. In this guest post by Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen, author of this Japanese grammar book, we’ll look at how to differentiate between the two. Shinai to ikemasen is another form of saying this but it is more formal. During a wave of anime and manga in the West in the 1990s–2000s, English-speaking users in online fan forums began writing desu at the end of their sentences to mimic of Japanese speech (e.g., I love it desu).This was seen as being more kawaii, or … We will almost always use the polite form for the rest of the beginning lessons. Politeness shows up in the main verb (always the last in the sentence), which in this case is the copula, so in polite speech (teineigo) da is replaced with desu. Do you remember how Yoda talks? “Desu” means “it is” Anyways, I think the best way to learn it is to actually see it in action. Desu is going to come at the end of sentences or phrases, and is of “neutral” formality, meaning it can be used in all kinds of situations and is very versatile. Good. Watashi wa nihongo o benkyō shitaidesu – I would like to study Japanese – do the study. Anyways, I think the best way to learn it is to actually see it in action. If you’ve been listening (or reading) Japanese for a day or 10 years, you’ve likely stumbled across the mysterious word です (desu) at the end of many sentences. Forms of "be" English include "is", "am", "are", "was", "were", "been", and "being". It can be used to show identity (Max is a dog), properties (furry), state (happy), and membership in a set (one of my pets). Anything I've missed? 1. That’s why “desu” is so often translated as the English verb“to be.” Adjectives get a little complicated with “desu.” Na-adjectivessuch as “kantan” ( … You'll learn more about verb conjugation later on. You’ve learned how basic Japanese sentences work! It is a bus. Look at the sentences above, specifically the Yoda one: “Pen, it is.” There’s the “it is” part! 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